China has made positive progress in energy saving and emission reduction in the first half of the year

Release time:2018-7-2

This year is the key year to achieve the "11th Five-Year" energy saving and emission reduction target. In the first half of the year, the energy saving and emission reduction work made positive progress while the national economy developed steadily and quickly. Unit GDP energy consumption and emissions of major pollutants continue to decline.

According to statistics, in the first quarter, the total energy consumption in China increased by 7.7%, and the energy consumption per unit GDP decreased by 2.62%, down 1.08 percentage points over the same period. According to the preliminary estimates of the National Bureau of statistics, the total energy consumption in China from 1 to May is lower than that of economic growth, and the energy consumption per unit GDP keeps decreasing. Overall, the energy consumption per unit of GDP in most areas will be better than that in the same period last year. In the first quarter, the national chemical oxygen demand emissions were 3 million 649 thousand tons, down 1% compared with the same period last year, and sulfur dioxide emissions were 6 million 462 thousand tons, down 1.9% compared with the same period last year. According to the environmental protection department estimates, the first half of the two indicators continue to maintain a downward trend.

The national development and Reform Commission has analyzed the reasons for the decline of GDP energy consumption and the discharge of major pollutants. First, the growth of high energy consumption industry has fallen. From 1 to May, the added value of above scale industries increased by 16.3%, an increase of 1.8 percentage points year-on-year. Compared with the same period last year, the growth rate of the six high energy consuming industries increased 1.6 percentage points except for the petrochemical industry. The two is the production of the main energy consuming products and the slowdown in export. From 1 to May, crude steel, steel, ten kinds of nonferrous metals, cement, flat glass, caustic soda and thermal power generation showed a downward trend. The number of billets and rough forgings and steel exports decreased considerably compared with the same period last year. Three, energy consumption per unit of major energy consuming products is steadily decreasing. According to statistics, in the comprehensive energy consumption index of 35 major product units with energy consumption of 10 thousand tons of standard coal from 1 to May, there are 27 decline, 8 rising and 12 million 730 thousand tons of standard coal for energy saving.

Positive progress has been made in energy conservation and emission reduction, thanks to intensified efforts by relevant government departments. The responsibility of energy saving and emission reduction targets began to be examined, and the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of supervision and other departments examined the implementation of energy saving targets in 2007 and the implementation of energy saving measures in 30 provincial governments, and organized provincial energy conservation departments to evaluate and assess the 2007 Energy Saving targets of key energy consuming enterprises. Most provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have also carried out the responsibility assessment of energy conservation targets of governments at all levels and key energy consuming enterprises. In addition, 14 regions, such as Beijing, Inner Mongolia and Shandong, have formulated the methods of energy saving evaluation and review of fixed assets investment projects, and implemented an independent evaluation and inspection system, which will be used as the precondition for project approval, approval or construction. The Ministry of environmental protection has improved the environmental assessment standards for the construction projects of high energy consumption and high emission industries, such as electricity, steel, petrochemical, etc., and rejected a number of construction projects that did not comply with industrial policies and violated environmental laws and regulations. From 1 to June, EIA documents of 80 projects with total investment amounting to 319 billion 464 million yuan and environmental problems were not accepted, examined or approved or postponed.

In the first half of this year, investment in energy conservation and emission reduction in various regions increased significantly. Some areas have also formulated a lower threshold of "award and supplement" policy according to the energy saving technique reform of the state "award generation and supplement". Most provinces (districts and cities) have set up special funds for energy saving and emission reduction, organized and implemented a batch of industrial boilers (kiln) transion, Yu Reyu pressure utilization, motor system transion and other major festivals. Can improve the engineering. In order to promote the emission reduction of pollutants, the Ministry of environmental protection, in conjunction with the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of water resources, the Ministry of housing and urban and rural construction, has issued the "11th Five-Year" pollution control plan of key basins in Huaihe, Haihe River and Liaohe River, so as to promote regional pollution control in key basins. 15 national emission standards and cleaner production standards such as steel and chemical fiber industry have been released, and efforts to reduce pollution loads in key industries have been made.

The responsible persons of NDRC introduced the measures to be taken in the second half of the year. First, we should further implement the responsibility system for energy conservation targets and improve the assessment and assessment methods for the responsibility of energy conservation targets. Two is to accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity. We will shut down 13 million kilowatts of small thermal power throughout the year, and eliminate backward production capacity of 50 million tons, 6 million tons and 14 million tons of cement, steel and iron. We should implement the energy-saving generation dispatching method, and pay close attention to the introduction of supporting policies. The three is to intensify the implementation of key projects for energy conservation and emission reduction. This year, 14 billion 800 million yuan of investment in national debt and central budget and 27 billion yuan of central financial special funds (including elimination backwardness) support ten key energy saving projects, urban sewage treatment facilities and supporting pipe network construction, industrial wastewater treatment in key basins, and energy conservation and environmental protection capacity construction. Accelerate the organization and implementation of engineering projects. The four is to accelerate the development of circular economy, continue to grasp the second demonstrations of circular economy and the pilot of auto parts remanufacturing, and establish and improve the statistical system of circular economy. The five is to improve the energy conservation and emission reduction regulations. The six is to implement economic policies conducive to energy conservation and emission reduction, timely rationalize the prices of resource products, and promote the reform of environmental charges. In the study of energy saving and environmental small displacement cars, the preferential policy of consumption tax is adopted to improve the high oil consumption and the consumption tax rate of large displacement cars, and to expand the gap of the consumption tax rate of different displacement cars. Research and formulate energy-efficient equipment such as motors and boilers, and invest in the enterprise income tax and VAT preferential policies. The scope of government compulsory procurement for energy saving products should be expanded. Seven is to organize energy conservation and emission reduction special inspection actions. Eight is to continue to carry out "energy saving and emission reduction nationwide action".

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